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What is Information Management System?

Information Management System (IMS) does not have a standard and widely accepted definition. However, it is commonly applied to any system of software that is designed to assist the storage, organization and retrieval of information. The information includes, but not restricted to, text, numerical information, sound files, images and videos. Industries like hotel industry, healthcare industries and call centers in India use DBMS to manage their customers’ information.

Information Management System uses data blocks, or segments as the foundation of the hierarchical model. There are multiple date segments in each model known as fields. At the top we have Root segments and the specific segments are known as child segments. The child segment order signifies an order where each entry is entered in the database. 

Information Management System was also the name of IBM’s database and transaction management system that was first introduced in 1968. This system not only supported NASA’s Apollo space, it was also the predecessor of IBM’s foremost categorized database management system (DBMS). Since its introduction, Information Management System has undergone many changes and has adapted new programming tools and environments.

There are two major components of Information Management System:

· IMS Database Management System (IMS DB)

· IMS Transaction Management System (IMS TM)

In Information Management System DB, data is placed and arranged into hierarchy. Such databases use segments as the basic structure of its hierarchical model. The segment at the top of the hierarchy is called the root segment. Sections of a specific segment are called child segments. The data stored in every level is dependent on the data organized in its higher level. The data is stored in such a manner that its integrity is ensured and the storage and retrieval process is improved.


The Information Management System database further comes in three forms.

    Full functioning database - It is derived from the Data Language Inter (DL/I and may have more than one single access method. Tp store and access the database fields, Overflow Sequence Access Sequence Method (OSAM) or Virtual Storage Access Method (VSAM) are used.

     Fast Path Database: Fast path databases are designed to facilitate the optimum transfer rate. Data entry databases (DEDB) and the Main storage Databases are its main examples.

     High Availability large Database: Used to handle large volumes of data and provides reliable availability for each segment present in the database.


Information Management System TM controls input and output and processing of transactions. It offers services like formatting, logging and recovery of messages. IMS TM maintains communications security and manages scheduling and execution of programs. It uses a messaging technique mechanism for queuing requests.

In a nutshell, the whole purpose of an Information Management System is to design, develop, manage, and utilize collected data, information, insights, and innovations. The purpose of Information Management System is to support decision-making via information analysis and forecasting. The system is designed to create value for the individuals and organizations, running operations digitally. Further, the IMS is also used to analyze the market and behavior associated with the product and services offered by the organization. They have invaluable contributions in process control, management report systems, inventory control, sales and marketing, human resource, accounting and finance, decision making, and other vital organizational operations.

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